Germany



ABOUT GERMANY

Germany, officially known as the Federal Republic of Germany, a parliamentary state consists of 16 states and its capital and largest city is Berlin and is bordered by 8 countries namely France, Poland, Czech Republic, Denmark, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium and Austria. It is the most populous state in the European Union and has the 4th largest economy. Subsequently, it is the 2nd largest exporter and the 3rd largest importer of goods. It is also a member of NATO, OSCE, OECD, G8, CERN, Schengen Convention amongst many other important international organizations. The country has developed a very high standard of living and features a comprehensive system of social security, which includes the world's oldest universal health care system. Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers, music composers, scientists and inventors, and is known for its rich cultural and political history.

Population: Approx. 8.2 Crore (81.9 mn)
Capital: Berlin
Area: 357,021 km square
Language: German
Religion: Christianity
Currency: Euro €
Life Expectancy: 79 Years
GDP per Capita: $39,028
Literacy Percent: 99%
HDI: 5
Other Important Cities: Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Cologne, Hamburg, Stuttgart & Dresden.

 

ECONOMY

Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force, a large capital stock and a high level of innovation. It has the largest and most powerful national economy in Europe, the fourth largest by nominal GDP in the world, the fifth largest by PPP, and was the biggest net contributor to the EU budget in 2011. 

Of the world's 500 largest stock-market-listed companies measured by revenue in 2010, the Fortune Global 500, 37 are headquartered in Germany. Well-known global brands are Mercedes-Benz, BMW, SAP, Siemens, Volkswagen, Adidas, Audi, Allianz, Porsche, Bayer, Bosch, Adidas, Puma and Nivea. The German Autobahns form the nationally coordinated motorway system having a total length of 12,845 km (4th longest highway system in the world) in Germany which have no general speed limit but the advisory speed limit is 130 km/hr. Germany is recognized for its specialized small and medium enterprises. Around 1,000 of these companies are global market leaders in their segment and are labeled hidden champions.

CLIMATE

Most of Germany has a temperate seasonal climate in which humid westerly winds predominate. The country is situated in between the oceanic Western European and the continental Eastern European climate. The climate is moderated by the North Atlantic Drift, the northern extension of the Gulf Stream. Rainfall occurs year-round, with no obligatory dry season. Winters are mild and summers tend to be warm, temperatures can exceed 30 °C

In addition to the maritime and continental climates that predominate over most of the country, the Alpine regions in the extreme south and, to a lesser degree, some areas of the Central German Uplands have a mountain climate, characterized by lower temperatures and greater precipitation. The Black Forest is a wooden range in southwestern Germany bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south.


 

WHY STUDY IN GERMANY

Germany has grown to become one of the top destinations to study around the world. With traditions of excellence dating back hundreds of years, high class institutions at every corner and much more flexibility than many other countries, and education which does not cost as much as other countries.

But what makes Germany stand out? Why should you make Germany a destination to further your international education?


  Worldwide Recognition

The degrees and qualifications from German higher education institutions are known around the world as high quality and world class. The standard of excellence is set by some of the older universities with recognizable names, like ETH Zurich, University of Munich, Technical University, University of Heidelberg, University of Freiburg, Leipzig University, Humboldt University of Berlin, Free University of Berlin, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology but the tradition carries through to many of the universities and colleges throughout Germany.


  Advanced Research and Development

Germany's achievements in the sciences have been significant, and research and development efforts form an integral part of the economy. The Nobel Prize has been awarded to 103 German laureates. For most of the 20th century, German laureates had more awards than those of any other nation, especially in the sciences (physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine).

The work of Albert Einstein and Max Planck was crucial to the foundation of modern physics, which Werner Heisenberg and Max Born developed further. They were preceded by such key physicists as Hermann von Helmholtz, Joseph von Fraunhofer and Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, among others. Wilhelm Röntgen discovered X-rays and was the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. Research institutions in Germany include the Max Planck Society, the Helmholtz Association and the Fraunhofer Society. The Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize is granted to ten scientists and academics every year. With a maximum of €2.5 million per award it is one of highest endowed research prizes in the world.

Germany has been the home of many famous inventors and engineers, such as Johannes Gutenberg, credited with the invention of movable type printing in Europe; Hans Geiger, the creator of the Geiger counter; and Konrad Zuse, who built the first fully automatic digital computer. German inventors, engineers and industrialists such as Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Otto Lilienthal, Gottlieb Daimler, Rudolf Diesel, Hugo Junkers and Karl Benz helped shape modern automotive and air transportation technology. Aerospace engineer Wernher von Braun developed the first space rocket and later on was a prominent member of NASA and developed the Saturn V Moon rocket, which paved the way for the success of the US Apollo program. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz's work in the domain of electromagnetic radiation was pivotal to the development of modern telecommunication

Germany is one of the leading countries in developing and using green technologies. Companies specializing in green technology have an estimated turnover of €200 billion. Key sectors of Germany's green technology industry are power generation, sustainable mobility, material efficiency, energy efficiency, waste management and recycling, and sustainable water management.

  Academic Excellence

Germany is a land of ideas. Education, science and research play a central role here. In a Europe free of borders and a world of globalized markets, education lays the basis, enabling us to exploit the opportunities open borders and world-wide knowledge networks offer. The German education and university system is undergoing a profound process of renewal that is already bearing fruit: Germany is one of the countries most preferred by foreign students, a hub of cutting-edge international research and a constant source of new patents.

Germany's universities are recognized internationally; in the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) for 2008, six of the top 100 universities in the world are in Germany, and 18 of the top 200. A great portion of the German universities is public, thus state-funded. In 2012, only two of the 16 states of Germany charged tuition fees up to 500€ per semester at state-funded colleges, while in 14 states tuition was provided free of charge. Universities typically offer four-year undergraduate programs leading to bachelor's degrees. Advanced degrees include master's degrees, generally requiring two years of study after a first degree, and doctoral degrees, requiring three to five years of postgraduate study and research as well as a dissertation. Thus, it has a dual education system that combines practical and theoretical education.

There is another type of post-Abitur university training in Germany: the Fachhochschulen (Universities of Applied Sciences), which offer degrees similar to those at a traditional university, but often concentrate on applied science (as the English name suggests). At a traditional university, it is important to study "why" a method is scientifically right: however, this is less important at Universities of Applied Science. Here the emphasis is placed on what systems and methods exist, where they come from, their advantages and disadvantages, how to use them in practice, when they should be used, and when not. To get on-the-job experience, internship semesters are a mandatory part of studying at a Fachhochschule. Therefore the students at U-o-A-S are better trained in transferring learned knowledge and skills into practice while students of traditional universities are better trained in method developing.

  High Quality of Life

Germany has about 82 million inhabitants. It is by far the largest country in the EU in terms of population. Germany is a modern, cosmopolitan country. Its society is shaped by a plurality of life styles and truly different ethno-cultural diversity. Forms of coexistence have become more varied, and the scope individuals enjoy has become greater. Traditional gender roles have been dispensed with. Despite the social changes, the family remains the most important social reference unit and young people have very close bonds with their parents

In the last decade, Germany has repeatedly been chosen by UN as one of the best places to live in the world. It is ranked 5th by the Human Development Index in the world. The reasons listed included: high education enrollment levels; high-quality, low cost education; universal healthcare system; an uncompromising respect for fundamental rights and human dignity; clean and safe cities; and cosmopolitan, multicultural ethnic cities with many recreational amenities.


INTAKES

Although application deadlines may vary slightly from one university to another one, there are generally 2 main intakes:

  January: submit your application before 15 January for studies beginning in the summer semester, which follows the dates below:

March to August for Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen)

April to September for Universities (Universitäten).

  July: submit your application before 15 July for studies beginning in the winter semester, which follows the dates below:

September to February for Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen)

October to March for Universities (Universitäten)


EMPLOYMENT

An Indian student pursuing a full-time course and is on a student visa is allowed to work only part-time for 90 days or 180 half days in one year. However, you need to take permission from your respective universities and contact respective employment office for all details. The nature and type of job may vary from city to city. However, if you are DAAD scholarship holder, you need to first take permission from DAAD.


FAMOUS PEOPLE

 Karl Marx 

  Max Weber 

  Otto von Bismarck

  Albert Einstein

  Max Planck

  Werner Karl Heisenberg

  Karl Schwarzschild

  Karl Hermann Amandus Schwarz

  John Jacob Bosch

  Henry Lomb

  Karl Benz

  Hugo Boss

  Friedrich Bayer

  Max Braun

  Gottlieb Daimler

  Adolf Dassler

  Rudolf Dassler

  Fritz Sennheiser

  August Horch

  Ferdinand Porsche

  Karl Friedrich

  Werner Von Siemens

  Carl Von Thieme

  Carl Zeiss

  Ferdinand Von Zeppelin

  Rudolf Diesel

  Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

  Levi Strauss

  Ludwig van Beethoven

  Johann Sebastian Bach

  Scorpions

  Heidi Klum

  Claudia Schiffer

  Gerd Müller

  Boris Becker

  Steffi Graf

  Michael Schumacher

  Oliver Kahn

  Jürgen Klinsmann

  Michael Fassbender

  Diane Kruger